Archive for category Jews

40. Passover – C. O. Dodd’s Failing

In our last post, Passover/Abib 14 is a Festival Day!, any and all doubt was removed concerning the veracity of whether Passover Day, Abib 14, is in fact a khag or Festival/Feast Day.

As previously noted, there are those who would point to Leviticus 23:6 and insist that Abib 15 is the first day of the Festival of Unleavened Bread which continues on through Abib 21 (System B and System G).

And on the fifteenth day of the same month is a festival of unleavened bread unto Yahweh: seven days you must eat unleavened bread. (Leviticus 23:6)

Also, they reference the passage from Numbers:

And on the fifteenth day of this month is a festival; seven days shall unleavened bread be eaten. (Numbers 28:17)

For those who observe a form of the Pharisaic/Hasidic practice for the Festival of Unleavened Bread (System B and System G), these passages from Leviticus and Numbers are held as proof that the first day of the 7-day Festival of Unleavened Bread is Abib 15.

It is evident that when these two passages are closely examined in context the results reveal the opposite and actually support Passover Day, Abib 14, as being the first day of the Festival of Unleavened Bread (System A).

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What Is Truth?

This question is one of the most profound statements found in Scriptures and was actually uttered by the most unlikely of persons.

This person is named in the New Testament as Pontios Pilatos or as many would recognize him, Pontius Pilate. He was the Roman prefect (governor) of Judaea under the emperor Tiberius, from 26-36 C.E.

The circumstances occurred during the time that Yahushua the messiah was brought before Pontius Pilate by the Jewish religious leaders to exact an execution to be legally carried out by the Roman state.

The historical evidence dates this event to Abib 14, Passover day, of the year 30 C.E., corresponding to April 6, and was a Thursday.

Was it possible that Pilate was capable of grasping some sense of truth from Yahushua?

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13. Passover – Hasidic Practice II

In this second and final half of our discussion we will now look to the ancient records that demonstrate the Hasidic view regarding Passover.

The Book of Jubilees
The Book of Jubilees, originally composed in Hebrew by the Hasidim in the late second century B.C.E.,1 gives us the earliest representation of the Hasidic argument. To date, the most complete version of this text is found in the Ethiopian edition. It reports:

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12. Passover – Hasidic Practice I

Since the first century C.E., the most prevalent and popular view for the observance of Passover and the seven days of Unleavened Bread has been Hasidic System B—an interpretation first expressed by the ancient Hasidim.

This practice has the Passover sacrifice offered during during the afternoon of Abib 14 with the Passover meal eaten at the beginning of Abib 15. All leavening is removed from one’s home by noon on Abib 14. Abib 15 begins the 7-day Feast of Unleavened Bread and continues through Abib 21. There is a total of 8 days of Unleavened Bread counted from Abib 14-21.

The questions that must be asked are:

• What is the ancient evidence of this interpretation? Also, just how and on what days did they keep the Festival of Passover and Unleavened Bread?

• When did this Hasidic view of Passover and the seven days of Unleavened Bread first appear?

• What issues created their interpretation and how did they derive their understanding of בערב (be-arab; in the mixing of light and dark [twilight]) and its cognate term בין הערבים (byn ha-arabim; between/among the mixings of light and dark [twilight])?

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10. Passover – Sadducees & Pharisees I

With the proper historical and cultural context in hand per our previous posts dealing with “The Dark Period,” we shall now turn our attention toward the two leading Jewish religious parties: the Sadducees and the Pharisees.

These two religious groups held opposing interpretations for בין הערבים (byn ha-arabim; between the evenings), for the day on which the Passover was eaten, and for the seven days of Unleavened Bread.

The Sadducees reflected the Aristocratic view while the Pharisees carried on the Hasidic tradition.

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7. Passover – Jewish Factions

Different Jewish practices with reference to the Khag of Passover and the seven days of Unleavened Bread and the Khag of Shabuath (Pentecost) become overtly apparent in the mid-second century B.C.E.

During this period a great dispute was already under way among the Jews, not just over exactly how the nation of Judaea should observe these festivals but over the approach to religion itself.

This debate was fought between the two leading factions of Judaism: the Hasidic and the Aristocratic schools.

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Messiah Convicted of Blasphemy

Did Yahushua the messiah in fact commit blasphemy, an alleged scriptural crime whereby he was convicted and sentenced to death by the religious leaders of Judaea?

Was there actually any scriptural basis for the extreme hatred of Yahushua by these religious leaders resulting in their wanting Yahushua dead?

To those religious leaders who were eventually responsible for Yahushua’s conviction and death sentence, the messiah had this to say:

You are of your father the devil, and your will is to do your father’s desires. He was a murderer from the beginning, and has nothing to do with the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he lies, he speaks according to his own nature, for he is a liar and the father of lies. (John 8:44)

Are there any facts to indicate that Yahushua did in fact commit the scriptural crime of “blasphemy” thereby justifying his execution?

If you’re interesting in finding the answers you might want to continue reading as we proceed with our investigation.

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Motive to Murder Yahushua

Was the motive to murder Yahushua the fact that he claimed to be the messiah?

Seems like a simple conclusion but is it actually the truth of the matter?

Why was there such extraordinary anger and hostility directed toward Yahushua the messiah by the religious leaders?

Could it be that there was something else going on with Yahushua that led to his unlawful murder?

Could that “something else” have something to do with Yahushua using the sacred name Yahweh?

If you’re interested in finding out, it is highly suggested that you continue reading on as we begin our investigation for the truth.

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Messiah and the Sacred Name

What was the stance of Yahushua the messiah regarding the use of the sacred name Yahweh?

We know that during the first century C.E. the people of Judaea and Galilee were strictly prohibited from speaking the name Yahweh by the religious leaders.

Was Yahushua in agreement with this prohibition or did he see the situation quite differently?

If you’re interested in discovering the truth of the matter then it might be a good idea to continue on with our investigation.

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Ineffable Name Yahweh?

Is there any credence to the idea that the sacred name Yahweh should be protected from possible misuse by demanding that it should not be spoken?

Some may even cite as proof of this notion the third commandment in Scriptures.

You shall not take the name of Yahweh your eloahi to worthlessness; for Yahweh will not hold him guiltless who takes his name to worthlessness. (Exodus 20:7)

On the other hand, there would seem to be contradictions in Scriptures if one were to suppress usage of the sacred name Yahweh.

So how and when did the concept of the “Ineffable Name” doctrine come about?

If you’re interested in finding out, then you’re invited to explore the details by reading on.

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Israel – Still Guessing?

If you’re still contemplating the conclusion of our last post, “Israel – Guess Who?”, then this follow-up  is sure to make things more interesting.

We are now going to address a few other issues, namely the disposition, location, and condition of the nation of Ephraim/Israel especially in the “Last Days.”

Disposition
Let us first take a look at the general disposition of the nation of Israel.

Furthermore Yahweh said to me, ‘I have seen this people, and behold, it is a stubborn people. (Deuteronomy 9:13)

You have been rebellious against Yahweh from the day that I knew you. (Deuteronomy 9:24)

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Israel – Guess Who?

We thought it would be an interesting idea to provide a variety of scriptural references regarding the unconditional birthright blessing given by Yahweh to Isaak, Jacob, and to Joseph’s sons, Ephraim and Manasseh.

The object is to see if there are any peoples or nation that could be identified which has met the conditions of this blessing, thereby proving or disproving the veracity of Scriptures.

If there is possibly any interest on your part concerning this endeavor, then the following investigation might prove to be rather interesting.

In Scriptures, an important right of the firstborn is the birthright blessing. This blessing takes place when the patriarch of the family, who possesses the unconditional blessing, feels he is nearing death and has a need of passing on the blessing to the son who has the legal right to it.

Unconditional Blessing
This birthright blessing is cautiously given, for once it has been obtained it is unconditional and cannot be taken back. We begin to define the unconditional birthright blessing as it was given to Rebekah by her family.

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