Archive for category Sunday
The count which begins on the 1st day of the week culminates on the day of Pentecost 50 days later, also occurring on the 1st day of the week, Sunday.
A question that might be asked is, Does Yahweh even require us to observe Pentecost and if so, what does all this mean in the bigger picture? If you’re interested in finding out then just continue reading.
Before Mount Sinai
First of all it would be helpful to know if the laws, commandments, and statutes of Yahweh were kept before the Torah/Law (Old Covenant) at Mount Sinai was given in the Old Testament. Important to note is the fact that Abraham was blessed by Yahweh:
Because Abraham obeyed my (Yahweh’s) voice, and kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws. (Genesis 26:5)
We should also recognize that the weekly Sabbath day and the Festival of Unleavened Bread (added designation of Passover instituted during the Exodus) were observed before the Torah at Mt. Sinai.
Besides the preexisting 10 commandments given in the Torah at Mt. Sinai are the preexisting statutes of the festivals:
Three times in the year you shall keep a feast to me. You shall keep the FEAST OF UNLEAVENED BREAD; as I commanded you, . . . You shall keep the FEAST OF HARVEST, of the first fruits of your labor, of what you sow in the field. You shall keep the FEAST OF INGATHERING at the end of the year, when you gather in from the field the fruit of your labor. Three times in the year shall all your males appear before the sovereign Yahweh. (Exodus 23:14-17)
Torah of Trust
Therefore, since Abraham was under the Torah of Trust and not under the works of the Torah of Moses made at Mt. Sinai, we, like Abraham, are required to keep the same laws, commandments, and statutes that Abraham kept.
Keep in mind, since the death of the messiah, we are no longer under the works of the Torah of Moses (Rom. 6:14-15; Gal. 2:16, 3:10, 23, 4:4-5, 5:18), but we are under the Torah of Trust of Abraham (Rom. 3:27-28, 4:1-16; Gal. 3:6-9).
And he (Abram) trusted in Yahweh; and he reckoned it to him for righteousness. (Genesis 15:6)
Additionally we know that Pentecost was still being observed after Yahushua the messiah’s death.
For Paul had determined to sail by Ephesus, because he would not spend the time in Asia: for he hasted, if it were possible for him, to be at Jerusalem the day of Pentecost. (Acts 20:16)
Torah of Moses/Old Covenant
Now that we have some preliminaries out of the way, this study has utilized the chronological research regarding the Exodus to conclude that the Torah of Moses/Old Covenant was given at Mt. Sinai on the day of Pentecost. Just so happens that many ancient and modern researchers have determined the same conclusion.
It is important to note the reason for the Torah of Moses/Old Covenant:
Why then the Torah? IT WAS AN AUGMENTATION FOR THE SAKE OF TRANSGRESSIONS, until should have come the sperma (plural seed, the elect) to whom the promise has been made. (Galatians 3:19)
One must recognize that the Torah given at Mount Sinai was a marriage covenant between Yahweh and the nation of Israel which was brought about due to Israelite transgressions against the Covenants of Promise.
The Torah of Moses was used to teach the Israelites what sin (transgression) was, thereby revealing in written form the conditions of the earlier verbal Covenants of Promise (under Torah of Trust) made with Abraham. It merely put into writing those original conditions and augmented them with judgments.
Works of the Law
Nevertheless, the Israelites continued to break their marriage vows. As a result, under the condition to obey Yahweh’s voice, the Old Covenant was further augmented with what became known as the “works of the Law” thereby making it impossible for anyone except Yahushua to keep the Torah of Moses.
Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the trust of Yahushua messiah, even we have trusted in Yahushua messiah, that we might be justified by the trust of messiah, and not by the works of the law: FOR BY THE WORKS OF THE LAW SHALL NO FLESH BE JUSTIFIED. (Galatians 2:16)
The fulfillment of the Covenants of Promise will result in the making of the New Covenant (Torah of Trust) with the elect (sperma) of the First Resurrection at the Festival of Pentecost (Galatians 3:19).
It is important to recognize that like the Old Covenant marriage at the Festival of Pentecost with the Israelites during the Exodus, the future New Covenant marriage will take place at the Festival of Pentecost, this time with the elect of the First Resurrection.
Behold, the days are coming, says Yahweh, when I will make a NEW COVENANT with the house of Israel and the house of Judah. (Jeremiah 31:31)
Blessed are they which are called unto the MARRIAGE SUPPER of the Lamb. (Revelation 19:9)
Unlike the marriage of the Old Covenant the elect will not break their marriage vows under the New Covenant.
But this is the covenant which I will make with the house of Israel after those days, says Yahweh: I will put my law within them, and I will write it upon their hearts; and I will be their eloahim, and they shall be my people. (Jeremiah 31:33)
New Covenant Not Established Yet
For those who believe that the New Covenant has already been established, the book of Hebrews, written after the messiah’s death, would indicate otherwise:
In speaking of a new covenant he treats the first as obsolete. And what is becoming obsolete and growing old IS READY TO VANISH AWAY. (Hebrews 8:13)
In other words there is an expectation for the New Covenant (Torah of Trust) to take effect over the Old Covenant (Torah of Moses) at some future time. That time is when the New Covenant is established with the elect (24 elders and 144,000) of the First Resurrection which has not yet occurred!
Decrees Against Us Nailed To Stake
Keep in mind that the Torah of Moses will be used for teaching purposes until the very end of the 8th-Millennial Judgment Day (Matthew 5:18). Fortunately Yahushua, upon his death and resurrection, has provided us a different path than that of the Old Covenant whereby we can bypass the “works of the law” and come under grace.
Blotting out the handwriting of DOGMASIN (DECREES) THAT WERE AGAINST US, WHICH WERE CONTRARY TO US, and took it out of the way, nailing it to his stake. (Colossians 2:14)
For the law was given by Moses, but grace and truth came by Yahushua messiah. (John 1:17)
For sin shall not have dominion over you: for you are not under the (works of the) Torah (of Moses), but under grace (Torah of Trust). (Romans 6:14)
Notice importantly that in Colossians it was only the “handwriting of decrees that were against us” and “contrary to us” that were nailed to the stake, not the ones that were good for us.
The evidence from Scriptures indicates that the Festival of Pentecost is prophetically pointing to the establishment of the New Covenant by Yahushua with the elect of the First Resurrection thereby fulfilling the Covenants of Promise made to Abraham under the Torah of Trust.
Let’s take a look at some interesting facts from the New Testament.
Day of Wave Sheaf Offering
Yahushua was killed on the afternoon of Abib 14, Thursday, of the year 30 C.E. He was resurrected and quickened before sunrise on Abib 17, Sunday, the first day of the week. This day also happens to be the day of the Wave Sheaf Offering, the day that begins the count to Pentecost on Sunday 50 days later.
Also on Abib 17, Sunday, Yahushua ascended to father Yahweh:
Yahushua said unto her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but go to my brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and to my deity, and your deity. (John 20:17)
Your attention will now be directed to the following verse regarding the account of Yahushua’s resurrection in the book of John:
Yahushua said unto her (Mary), Woman, why do you weep? whom do you seek? She, supposing him to be the gardener, said unto him, Sir, if you have borne him hence, tell me where thou hast laid him, and I will take him away. (John 20:15)
Think for a moment. Could it be that the reason why Mary thought that Yahushua was the gardener was the fact that he had in his arms the cutting of the wave sheaf? According to the Torah of Moses, the priest was to wave the sheaf of firstfruits of the harvest before Yahweh on the day after the weekly Sabbath of Passover Week (Leviticus 23:10-11).
In order to wave the sheaf of firstfruits (barley) one would have to cut the barley. In effect, when one cuts the barley it is being killed.
Elect Are Wave Sheaf Offering
Also, could it be that the possible wave sheaf that Yahushua was holding was symbolically the elect of the First Resurrection?
To demonstrate, according to the book of Revelations at the end of the 3-1/2 year Tribulation Period the 2 prophets of Yahweh will be killed and be resurrected 3-1/2 days later.
If the wave sheaf offering also represents the remaining elect (including the 2 prophets) being killed after sundown of Abib 17 then 3-1/2 days later would bring us to just before sunrise Abib 20, this day being the last day of Passover Week/Unleavened Bread and the very day of the First Resurrection!
And I will give power unto my two witnesses, and they shall prophesy a thousand two hundred and threescore days, clothed in sackcloth. These are the two olive trees, and the two candlesticks standing before the deity of the earth. (Revelations 11:3-4)
And when they shall have finished their testimony, the beast that ascendeth out of the bottomless pit shall make war against them, and shall overcome them, and kill them. And their dead bodies shall lie in the street of the great city, which spiritually is called Sodom and Egypt, where also our sovereign was impaled. (Revelations 11:7-8)
And after three days and an half the ruach of life from the deity entered into them, and they stood upon their feet; and great fear fell upon them which saw them. And they heard a great voice from heaven saying unto them, Come up hither. And they ascended up to heaven in a cloud; and their enemies beheld them. And the same hour was there a great earthquake . . . (Revelations 11:11-13)
It is also interesting to note that Abib 20 is also the same day, just before sunrise, during which the Israelites passed through the sea in 1439 B.C.E. at the Exodus and the Egyptian army was destroyed! How do we know that? Going to have to cover that in another post, so patience is the order of the day.
Sacred Ruach Given
Regarding Abib 17, Sunday, of the year 30 C.E., the day of the omer wave offering, being the first day of the 50 days, also being the day of Yahushua’s resurrection, is when Yahushua breathed the sacred ruach upon his disciples.
When therefore it was late, on that day, the first day of the week, and when the doors were shut where the disciples were, for fear of the Jews, Yahushua came and stood in the midst, and said unto them, Peace be unto you. And when he had said this, he showed unto them his hands and his side. . . . Yahushua therefore said to them again, Peace be unto you: as the Father hath sent me, even so send I you. And when he had said this, he breathed on them, and said unto them, Receive you the Sacred Ruach. (John 20:19-22)
Now it’s time to address Pentecost of 30 C.E.
When the day of Pentecost had come, they were all together in one place. And suddenly a sound came from heaven like the rush of a mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting. And there appeared to them tongues as of fire, distributed and resting on each one of them. And they were all filled with the Sacred Ruach and began to speak in other languages, as the Ruach gave them utterance. Now there were dwelling in Jerusalem Jews, devout men from every nation under heaven. And at this sound the multitude came together, and they were bewildered, because each one heard them speaking in his own language. And they were amazed and wondered, saying, “Are not all these who are speaking Galileans? And how is it that we hear, each of us in his own native language? Parthians and Medes and Elamites and residents of Mesopotamia, Judea and Cappadocia, Pontus and Asia, Phrygia and Pamphylia, Egypt and the parts of Libya belonging to Cyrene, and visitors from Rome, both Jews and proselytes, Cretans and Arabians, we hear them telling in our own tongues the mighty works of the deity.” And all were amazed and perplexed, saying to one another, “What does this mean? (Acts 2:1-12)
According to Acts this was a partial fulfillment of a prophecy from the book of Joel:
But this is that which was spoken by the prophet Joel; And it shall come to pass in the last days, saith Yahweh, I will pour out of my ruach upon all flesh: and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams: And on my servants and on my handmaidens I will pour out in those days of my ruach; and they shall prophesy: And I will shew wonders in heaven above, and signs in the earth beneath; blood, and fire, and vapour of smoke: The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before that great and notable day of Yahweh come: And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of Yahweh shall be saved. (Acts 2:16-21)
The Last Days
Pentecost in 30 C.E. occurred during the “last days,” the beginning of the “last days” commencing with the 5th millennium day of 8 millennium days, shortly after the start of the public ministry of Yahushua in 28 C.E.
The sacred ruach was poured out on the disciples with the result being that all the people of foreign nations could understand, in their own language, what was being said by the disciples. In regard to the other signs, they will also be fulfilled in the “last days,” during the 8th-Millennial Judgment Day.
The prophecy of the sacred ruach given on Pentecost cannot be missed as it applies to the First Resurrection and the elect. It is on this day that the “marriage supper of the lamb” takes place with the elect along with their quickening into eternal beings.
They will have the gift of languages from the sacred ruach and their primary job will be to teach the nations, leading them to Yahweh during the 7th Millennial Rule of the messiah. The elect will continue with their job of teaching all the nations, all peoples from every nation having taken part in the Second Resurrection, during the 8th-Millennial Judgment Day.
Messiah Resurrects the Elect
It also cannot be missed that the elect are part of the body of Yahushua the messiah. The elect become united as one during the “marriage supper of the lamb.” It is Yahushua who resurrects the elect on Abib 20, the last day of Passover Week/Unleavened Bread with the marriage taking place on the following Pentecost. Regarding Yahushua’s body Scriptures state:
The Jews then said to him, “What sign have you to show us for doing this?” Yahushua answered them, “Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.” The Jews then said, “It has taken forty-six years to build this temple, and will you raise it up in three days?” But he spoke of the temple of his body. When therefore he was raised from the dead, his disciples remembered that he had said this; and they believed the scripture and the word which Yahushua had spoken. (John 2:18-21)
Even the disciples understood the prophecy of the messiah and that it did not apply to the literal body of Yahushua. The reason being that Yahushua could not raise his own body, for he was dead. Father Yahweh raised Yahushua as Scriptures tell us.
Paul, an apostle not from men, neither through man, but through Yahushua the messiah, and Yahweh the Father, who raised him from the dead. (Galatians 1:1)
The Great Harvest
The goal for Yahushua along with the elect, his body, will be to lead as many people as possible to father Yahweh by taking part in the great harvest of the saved at the Festival of Ingathering at the end of the 8th-Millennial Judgment Day.
Before all this can happen the elect must be raised by Yahushua the messiah in the First Resurrection on the 7th and last day of Passover Week/Unleavened Bread. The elect will then be quickened into eternal beings and enter into the marriage of the New Covenant (Torah of Trust) with Yahushua during the Festival of Pentecost.
They will endeavor to help bring mankind to father Yahweh during the next approximate 2000 years, from the beginning of the 7th Millennium to the end of the 8th-Millennial Judgment Day when father Yahweh arrives to the earth to be married to his bride, New Jerusalem.
And I saw a new heaven and a new earth: for the first heaven and the first earth were passed away; and there was no more sea. And I John saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from Yahweh out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband. (Revelations 21:1-2)
Much more can be said concerning this subject but we will have to continue our discussion in another post.
For more information regarding Pentecost and the Festival Days make sure you check out the publication by Qadesh La Yahweh Press titled “The Festivals and Sacred Days of Yahweh.”
Who was that masked man anyway?
Now that we have examined the evidence as presented in our last post titled Sabbath or Sunday Resurrection? Part 1, we will now continue our investigation to uncover the truth regarding the resurrection day of Yahushua the messiah.
Assisting us in putting together the various facts pointing to a Sunday resurrection is the important story found in Luke 24. After giving the account of the women coming to the tomb of Yahushua on the first day of the week, just before daybreak, and finding the tomb empty (vs. 1-8), it continues by saying that the women immediately went to the apostles and other disciples to report their findings (vs. 9-10).
These people disbelieved the women, but Keph (Peter) rose up and went to the tomb to see for himself. Finding their testimony true, he returned home wondering about what had happened (vs. 11-12).
Road to Emmanus
We next read:
And behold, two of them (the disciples) were going ON THE SAME DAY to a village being 60 furlongs distant from Jerusalem, which is named Emmanus; and they were conversing with one another about all these things which had taken place. (Luke 24:13-14)
The conversation between the two men, therefore, being “on the same day” that the messiah was raised, occurred on the first day of the week. Their discussion shows that this journey happened after the women had reported the empty tomb to the disciples, and therefore in the daylight hours of that first day.
While these two men were walking along, the resurrected Yahushua drew near and began walking with them. Their eyes being kept from seeing that it was Yahushua, Yahushua asked them why they appeared so downcast. They responded by discussing the great events which took place in Jerusalem:
And answering the one, whose name was Kleopas, said to him, You sojourn alone in Jerusalem, and have not known the things which are come to pass in it (Jerusalem) in these days? And he (Yahushua) said to them, What things? And they said to him, The things concerning Yahushua the Nazaraean, who was a man, a prophet, mighty in deed and word before the deity and all the people; and how the chief priests and our rulers delivered him up to judgment of death, and put him upon a stake. But we were hoping it was he who was about to redeem Israel. But indeed, with all these things, TODAY IS THE THIRD ἀφ’ οὗ (aph ou; AFTER WHICH) THESE THINGS CAME TO PASS. (Luke 24:18-21)
Therefore, today, being the same day that Yahushua was resurrected, i.e. the first day of the week, was the third day “after which” the messiah was put on a stake and murdered. This important story continues by relating how Yahushua chastised the men for being slow to trust in the things spoken of by the prophets, how it was needful for the messiah to suffer and to enter into his glory.
As Yahushua recited to them various passages from Scriptures concerning himself, they came close to the village to which the two men were travelling, and Yahushua appeared to be going farther still:
This portion of the text demonstrates that when the above comment was made, that “today” was “the third day after which these things came to pass,” it occurred just prior to sunset (i.e. late afternoon of the first day of the week).
Computing the Days
It seems that now is the right time to calculate the days to see how the math works out.
The first day of the week was the third day “after which” the messiah was killed. When we combine this evidence with the sign of Jonah, which foretells that the messiah would be dead and in the earth for “three days and three nights,” we are able to reconstruct the Passover week observed in the year that Yahushua was murdered.
The third day AFTER which the messiah was killed was the first day of the regular week. Therefore, the second day AFTER would be the Sabbath (Friday/Saturday), the first day AFTER would be the sixth day of the week (Thursday/Friday), and THE DAY OF his murder would be the fifth day of the week (Wednesday/Thursday).
The fifth day of the week, therefore, was the day that Yahushua ate his Passover supper and was the 14th of Abib. The sixth day of the week, meanwhile, was the Jewish or Pharisaic Passover meal and their high Sabbath, i.e. the 15th of Abib. The 16th was a weekly Sabbath.
The sign of three daylight periods and three night periods is also accomplished. Counting the daylight part of the 24-hour day first, as instructed:
• Daylight 1 belongs to the fifth day of the week (Thursday afternoon), on the 14th of Abib, during the time of daylight that Yahushua was murdered and placed in the tomb.
• Daylight 2 belongs to the sixth day (Friday), Abib 15, and daylight “three” to the weekly Sabbath, Abib 16.
The three nights are made to follow these three daylight periods.
• Night 1 belongs to the first half of the sixth day (Thursday/Friday), the 15th of Abib.
• Night 2 is the first half of the seventh day (Friday/Saturday), Abib 16.
• Night 3 is the first half of the first day of the week (Saturday/Sunday), Abib 17. This third night likewise belonged to the third day after which the messiah was executed, and therefore complies with all those statements to that effect.
Plain and simple here’s the bottom line. Yahushua was murdered during the afternoon of Thursday, Abib 14. The messiah was resurrected just before sunrise on Sunday morning, Abib 17. The year was 30 C.E. but that conversation is for future post.
A few more points of interest will be presented and addressed as we proceed with our discussion.
What About the Good Friday Theory?
It has long been held by many Christian groups that the messiah died on Friday (called “Good Friday”) and was raised on Sunday morning. As we have already demonstrated, the messiah was murdered and buried on Thursday afternoon and was raised before dawn on the first day of the week.
Some are so insistent on conforming to the Good Friday arrangement that they alter the reading of Luke 24:21, so that it will comply with their own preconceived concept.
The New Jerusalem Bible, for example, goes to such lengths as to translate the clear and undeniable Greek statement of “τρίτην ταύτηνἡμέραν ἄγει ἀφ’ οὗ ταῦτα ἐγένετο (triten tauten hemeran agei semeron aph ou taut egeneto; Today is the third day after which these things came to pass)” to read, “two whole days have now gone by since it all happened.”
This translation is totally unsupported by the text. It is built on the common misunderstanding about the difference between a high Sabbath and a weekly Sabbath. It was this misunderstanding that has confused many theologians unfamiliar with scriptural laws.
When these theologians saw the reference to the death of the messiah as being on the day prior to a great Sabbath, they assumed it referred to the day before the weekly Sabbath. Yet, as we have already demonstrated, it was a reference to the Jewish (Pharisaic) high Sabbath of the Passover Feast.
It is impossible to fit three days and three nights in the period from Friday afternoon until Sunday morning (even if one counts the daylight period of Sunday morning).
Three days would be Friday daylight, Saturday daylight, Sunday daylight; three nights would be Friday/Saturday night, Saturday/ Sunday night, and Sunday/Monday night. This calculation is infeasible since the messiah was already resurrected before Sunday/Monday night. It still leaves the third night missing.
Nevertheless, even a scheme of three days and two nights beginning with Friday is unattainable. The Synoptic Texts clearly state that, when the women arrived at the tomb, dawn had not yet passed.
Further, when they entered the tomb the messiah was already resurrected and was gone. Therefore, it is impossible to count Sunday daylight as the third day. This scenario can only account for two days and two nights.
What About the Wednesday Death/Burial Theory?
Some Sacred Name groups argue that the messiah’s death took place on Wednesday afternoon. In this arrangement they count “three nights and three days,” making them three complete 24-hour periods: Three nights being the nights of (1) Wednesday/Thursday, (2) Thursday/Friday, (3) Friday/Saturday; three daylight periods being Thursday, Friday, and Saturday. The theory goes that the messiah was raised immediately at the very end of the Sabbath on Saturday.
This argument fails on three fronts.
• First, our instructions from Scriptures does not say that we are to count three nights and three days. Rather, it specifically states we are to count three DAYS and three NIGHTS, the daylight being counted first (Jonah 1:17; Matthew 12:38-40). The Wednesday system, therefore, does not account for the daylight hours of the day when the messiah died and was buried.
• Second, it falsely assumes that the text means three complete 24-hour periods. Nowhere in Scriptures is this circumstance even suggested. To demonstrate, Scriptures never state that Jonah was swallowed by the fish at sunset, that he was spit back up on dry land at sunset on the third day, or that the counting was from sunset to sunset.
Actually, Scriptures only state that the messiah, like Jonah, would be in the heart of the earth (sheol) for three DAYS and three NIGHTS. The texts would have to at least state “three NIGHTS and three DAYS” to even indicate a possibility of three complete 24-hour periods (a Hebrew day beginning with sunset and the night). But it does not.
Even the Pharisees understood the words of the messiah as a reference to his being raised during the third night (Matthew 27:62-64, 28:11-15). In fact, when the guards reported back to the priests that the messiah had disappeared from his tomb, the leaders bought off the soldiers with silver and told them to say that “his disciples came and stole him BY NIGHT, we being asleep” (Matthew 28:11–15).
• Third, since the messiah was actually in the tomb during the last part of Abib 14, he was in the heart of the earth during that day’s daylight period. These facts fully comply with the scriptural definition: three days (daylight periods) and three nights. Corrupting the phrase to the opposite reading of three nights and three days is unwarranted.
Which Day Was the High Sabbath?
The Synoptic Texts provide us with evidence that the 14th of Abib was the true high Sabbath of Passover and was considered such by the followers of the messiah. We uncover this detail in the story about the women who followed Yahushua to his tomb and then later returned to anoint the body.
The Synoptic Texts inform us that at the time that Yahushua was buried, which was on the 14th of Abib before sunset, Mariam (Maria) Magdalene and Mariam (Maria) the mother of Jacob and Joseph were there:
Matthew 27:61. “And there was Maria the Magdalene and the other Maria sitting opposite the grave.”
Mark 15:47. “And Maria the Magdalene and Maria of Joseph beheld where he (Yahushua) had been laid.”
Luke 23:55. “But also women were following who had been accompanying him (Yahushua) out of Galilee, watching the tomb, and how his body was laid.” Luke’s version then follows with this report:
And HAVING RETURNED THEY PREPARED aromatics and ointments, AND ON THE σάββατον (sabbaton; SABBATH) REMAINED QUIET, ACCORDING TO THE COMMANDMENT. But the first of the σαββάτων (sabbaton; week), at ὄρθρου βαθέως (orthrou batheos; just before day-break) they came to the tomb, bringing aromatics which they had prepared, and some others with them. (Luke 23:56-24:1)
First, it was moving toward sundown when the body of Yahushua was laid in the tomb. Yet these women had to first “return” to wherever they were staying. Then, sometime after returning, they set about preparing aromatics and ointments so that they could go back to the tomb and anoint the messiah’s body.
This evidence also means that these women were, for some reason, unable to tend to this chore before Yahushua’s death and burial (suggesting that the 14th was a Sabbath day for them). Further, the women had not attended the second day of the 7-day Festival of Unleavened Bread (a non-Sabbath), which took place just after sunset on the 15th.
This sequence of events makes it certain that by the time these women arrived back to their place of residence the sun had already set and a new day (the 15th) had begun. The journey home gave them barely enough time to prepare for and attend the meal for the second day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread.
Because of the Pharisaic practice of sacrificing the Passover on the 14th and keeping their high Sabbath, which combined the Feast of Passover and their first day of Unleavened Bread on the 15th, all of the merchant stores were closed.
On the Pharisaic high Sabbath the women would be afraid of returning to the tomb, fearing that the Pharisaic Jews might condemn them for breaking the state Sabbath ordered by the Pharisees or of trying to steal the messiah’s body. So instead, they stayed home and prepared aromatics and ointments.
These faithful followers would not have prepared aromatics and ointments on a true high Sabbath. This detail and the timing of the event points to the fact that the 15th was a non-Sabbath for these followers of the messiah.
We should also remind ourselves that on the 14th, even though the messiah was sentenced to death and on a torture stake for hours, none of Yahushua’s followers are said to have prepared ointment or aromatics for his burial. Joseph and Nicodemus apparently used only what they had saved up, making it necessary for the women to later return to finish the task. These details are in harmony with messiah’s disciples keeping the 14th as a high Sabbath.
After the day on which they prepared their aromatics and ointments came “the Sabbath,” on which day they remained quiet “according to the commandment” (Luke 23:56). This statement is very important. It does not say according to the judgments or statutes, which the high Sabbath regulations fall under. Neither does it say “Sabbaths” in the plural, as required if both the 15th and 16th were Sabbaths, but “Sabbath” in the singular.
This singular Sabbath is then followed by the fact that on the first day of the week, just before daybreak, the women came to Yahushua’s tomb bringing the things they had prepared. This singular Sabbath, accordingly, refers to the weekly Sabbath, required by the fourth commandment.
Since they prepared aromatics and ointments before the Sabbath, yet remained quiet on the Sabbath, proves that they did not prepare such items on a true Sabbath. Therefore, these things must have been prepared on the 15th, which for them was not a Sabbath.
To the above statement from Luke 23:56-24:1, we also need to add a remark made in the text of Mark.
And the σάββατον (sabbaton; SABBATH) being past, Mary the Magdalene and Mary of Jacob and Salome bought aromatics, that having come they might anoint him. And very early, the first of the σαββάτων (sabbaton; week), they came to the tomb, ἀνατείλαντος (anateilantos; as was coming to light) the sun. (Mark 16:1-2)
In this version, the two women go out and buy aromatics so that they might anoint Yahushua’s body. Disregarding their personal beliefs, they could not have bought aromatics on the 14th, after the ninth hour, for there was no time left after Yahushua’s body was placed in the tomb, since sunset was approaching.
Indeed, it would have been futile anyway, since as of late afternoon the Jews had closed all of their stores in observance of the Passover sacrifice (beginning at the ninth hour).
For the Jews of this period the Sabbath began in the afternoon preceding the actual Sabbath at approximately the ninth hour, the same time that the messiah died and the Jewish (Pharisaic) Passover lamb was being slaughtered.
Further, because of the requirement to attend the sacrifice at the ninth hour, it is doubtful that any store would have been open after mid-day, i.e. the sixth hour, on the Preparation Day of the Jews.
Josephus Antiquities, 16:6:2, as another example, notes that the Jews did not give bond (appear in court) “on the Sabbath day or on the day of preparation for it after the ninth hour.” To build a fence around the Law, the Jews considered the ninth hour of the day before the Sabbath the time for quitting their work and for beginning their observance of the Sabbath.
This point demonstrates that the Jews would have avoided arresting the messiah in the afternoon of the 14th as well as within the 15th, for no trials could be conducted at that time. Leaving Yahushua imprisoned during that period, on the other hand, would have been too dangerous politically.
Jewish High Sabbath
Meanwhile, the women could not buy aromatics on the 15th because it was the Jewish high Sabbath and the observance of the Pharisaic Passover meal. Even if the Pharisees were totally wrong in making this day a high Sabbath, the other Jewish groups, out of fear of the Pharisees, followed the Pharisaic laws. Even those of the early assemblies greatly feared the Pharisaic Jews at this time (see John 20:19, 26).
Further, the Judaean nation also observed the weekly Sabbath, which fell upon the 16th of that month. Therefore, there were no stores open from the afternoon of the 14th until after sundown Saturday evening, at the close of the weekly Sabbath.
It was only after the weekly Sabbath that these women could go out and buy some additional aromatics in their effort to anoint Yahushua’s body. Accordingly, the women had to wait until both the Jewish high Sabbath of the Pharisaic Passover (the 15th) and for the regular weekly Sabbath (the 16th) had passed.
This evidence shows us that in the last hour of the 14th of Abib the two Marys saw where Yahushua’s body was laid. With the tomb being closed by Joseph and Nicodemus, the women returned to where they were staying, which would have been toward or very near sunset.
At twilight, the women would have observed Abib 15 which was the second day of the 7-day Feast of Unleavened Bread. Keep in mind that, after the Exodus, the first day of the 7-day Festival (Abib 14) had taken on the additional name of the Feast of Passover (high Sabbath) while the second festival day (Abib 15) along with following days retained their appellation of being the festival days of Unleavened Bread.
At the same time, not only is the first day referred to as the Feast of Passover and Feast of Unleavened Bread but so is the entire 7-day Festival. (Deuteronomy 16:1-8; 2 Chronicles 35:17; Ezekiel 45:21; Matthew 26:17; Mark 14:1; Mark 14:12; Luke 22:1; Luke 22:7)
Therefore, between their leaving Yahushua’s grave until they observed the second day of Passover Week and Festival of Unleavened Bread there was no time for them to deal with the aromatics and ointments. Yet, the second day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread, observed on the evening of the 15th, could not have been a Sabbath for them because they prepared aromatics and ointments after returning home and before the weekly Sabbath.
Preparation of ointments and aromatics would have taken some time, and there was little time between the return of the women and their observance of the second day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread. Therefore, it is apparent that they prepared the ointments and aromatics during the 15th, most probably during the daylight or working hours, thus making the 14th the high Sabbath.
The women remained quiet (i.e. not preparing aromatics and ointments) on the weekly Sabbath, the 16th, as ordered by the fourth commandment. This statement proves that one did not prepare such things on a Sabbath. Therefore, the day before the weekly Sabbath they were active, preparing aromatics and ointments.
These circumstances in turn mean that the 15th was not a high Sabbath for the followers of Yahushua, although it was for those following the practices of the Pharisees.
After the Weekly Sabbath
At some point after sunset, when the weekly Sabbath was over, these women went to a store and bought more aromatics so that they could complete their mission. Then late in the night, at early pre-dawn on the first day of the week, they went to the tomb.
The women certainly would have known that the Pharisees had placed Roman guards at the tomb to keep the followers of the messiah away until after the time claimed for his resurrection had passed. They knew that his claim was during the night portion of the third day after his death.
In accordance with this knowledge, the women went to the tomb at the very moment that they knew the guards would be finishing their duty and they could gain access to messiah’s body, i.e. at dawn of the first day of the week.
Having collected their aromatics and ointments, the women returned to the tomb, arriving just as dawn was ending, where they found that the messiah had already been resurrected and had left the tomb.
When all the facts are considered, there is only one truthful conclusion that one can come to. Yahushua the messiah fulfilled the “sign of Jonah the prophet” by being in the state of death for three days and three nights.
The messiah died on a Thursday afternoon (daytime) and was resurrected by father Yahweh on the third day after his murder during the early morning hours (night time) prior to sunrise on Sunday, the first day of the week.
For more information you might want to check out “The Festival and Sacred Days of Yahweh” by Qadesh La Yahweh Press.
Who was that masked man anyway?
The general position of many of the Sacred Name groups today is that Yahushua the messiah was resurrected on the seventh day Sabbath.
For them, it seems that the idea of the messiah being resurrected on the first day of the week (Sunday), which would also coincide with the Christian holiday of Easter, is just too repugnant to consider.
Besides, even the term Christian is offensive to many of these groups. Throw in the Roman Catholic Church for most of the blame and now you’re really working up a nasty brew!
Is there any way to determine what day of the week Yahushua the messiah was resurrected?
First, Yahushua tells the scribes and Pharisees that the only sign of his messiahship that would be given to an evil and adulterous generation is “the sign of Jonah the prophet.”
For even as the prophet Jonah was in the belly of the huge fish three days and three nights, so will the son of man be in the heart of the earth three days and three nights. (Matthew 12:38-40; see Luke 11:29-30)